Today in History: Sept. 9

Bestsy Ross shows the first American flag she made to George Washington and his aides in her Arch Street home in Philadelphia in 1776. A year later the continental Congress formally adopted the 13- stripe, 13 -starflag of red, White, and blue. (AP Photo)
On Sept. 9, 1776, the second Continental Congress made the term “United States” official, replacing “United Colonies.” Here, Betsy Ross shows the first American flag she made to George Washington and his aides in her Arch Street home in Philadelphia in 1776. A year later the continental Congress formally adopted the 13- stripe, 13 -starflag of red, White, and blue. (AP Photo) (AP)
On this date in 1956, Elvis Presley made the first of three appearances on "The Ed Sullivan Show." Here, two tickets from Presley's 1956 appearance on the show are pictured. (AP Photo/Ric Francis)
In 1956, Elvis Presley made the first of three appearances on “The Ed Sullivan Show.” Here, two tickets from Presley’s 1956 appearance on the show are pictured. (AP Photo/Ric Francis) (AP/RIC FRANCIS)
On this date in 1971, prisoners seized control of the maximum-security Attica Correctional Facility near Buffalo, New York, beginning a siege that ended up claiming 43 lives. Here, shotgun carrying New York State troopers and prison guards mill outside Attica State Prison on Sept. 13, 1971. (AP Photo)
In 1971, prisoners seized control of the maximum-security Attica Correctional Facility near Buffalo, New York, beginning a siege that ended up claiming 43 lives. Here, shotgun carrying New York State troopers and prison guards mill outside Attica State Prison on Sept. 13, 1971. (AP Photo) (AP)
On this date in 1976, Communist Chinese leader Mao Zedong died in Beijing at age 82. Here, a ceramic bust of late Chairman Mao  Zedong sits among other  statues at a market   in Beijing, China Saturday Sept. 9, 2006.  (AP Photo/Elizabeth Dalziel)
In 1976, Communist Chinese leader Mao Zedong died in Beijing at age 82. Here, a ceramic bust of late Chairman Mao Zedong sits among other statues at a market in Beijing, China Saturday Sept. 9, 2006. (AP Photo/Elizabeth Dalziel) (AP/ELIZABETH DALZIEL)
iStock/Thinkstock
On Sept. 9, 1850, California became the 31st state of the union. (Thinkstock)
Chris Christie
In 2013, four days of vehicular gridlock began near the George Washington Bridge when two of three approach lanes from Fort Lee, New Jersey, were blocked off; the traffic jam was later blamed on loyalists to New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie over the refusal of Fort Lee Mayor Mark Sokolich to endorse Christie for re-election. (Christie denied any prior knowledge of the lane closures.) FILE- In this Aug. 29, 2016 file photo, New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie listens to a question from the media in Trenton, N.J. Christie’s week started with photos showing him lounging on a public beach closed by the state shutdown going viral across the globe. Next week doesn’t promise the same kind of international response, but the term-limited Republican’s name could be in the headlines again over the so-called Bridgegate scandal when his former aide is sentenced and the attorney who represented him during the scandal gets a Senate hearing to be the next FBI director. (AP Photo/Mel Evans, File) (AP/Mel Evans)
iStock/Thinkstock
In 1948, the People’s Democratic Republic of Korea (North Korea) was declared. (Thinkstock)
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Bestsy Ross shows the first American flag she made to George Washington and his aides in her Arch Street home in Philadelphia in 1776. A year later the continental Congress formally adopted the 13- stripe, 13 -starflag of red, White, and blue. (AP Photo)
On this date in 1956, Elvis Presley made the first of three appearances on "The Ed Sullivan Show." Here, two tickets from Presley's 1956 appearance on the show are pictured. (AP Photo/Ric Francis)
On this date in 1971, prisoners seized control of the maximum-security Attica Correctional Facility near Buffalo, New York, beginning a siege that ended up claiming 43 lives. Here, shotgun carrying New York State troopers and prison guards mill outside Attica State Prison on Sept. 13, 1971. (AP Photo)
On this date in 1976, Communist Chinese leader Mao Zedong died in Beijing at age 82. Here, a ceramic bust of late Chairman Mao  Zedong sits among other  statues at a market   in Beijing, China Saturday Sept. 9, 2006.  (AP Photo/Elizabeth Dalziel)
iStock/Thinkstock
Chris Christie
iStock/Thinkstock

Today is Sunday, Sept. 9, the 252nd day of 2018.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Sept. 9, 1850, California became the 31st state of the union.

On this date:

In 1543, Mary Stuart was crowned Queen of Scots at Stirling Castle, nine months after she was born.

In 1776, the second Continental Congress made the term “United States” official, replacing “United Colonies.”

In 1919, some 1,100 members of Boston’s 1,500-man police force went on strike. (The strike was broken by Massachusetts Gov. Calvin Coolidge with replacement officers.)

In 1942, during World War II, a Japanese plane launched from a submarine off the Oregon coast dropped a pair of incendiary bombs in a failed attempt at igniting a massive forest fire; it was the first aerial bombing of the U.S. mainland by a foreign power.

In 1948, the People’s Democratic Republic of Korea (North Korea) was declared.

In 1956, Elvis Presley made the first of three appearances on “The Ed Sullivan Show.”

In 1957, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the first civil rights bill to pass Congress since Reconstruction, a measure primarily concerned with protecting voting rights and which also established a Civil Rights Division in the U.S. Department of Justice.

In 1971, prisoners seized control of the maximum-security Attica Correctional Facility near Buffalo, New York, beginning a siege that ended up claiming 43 lives.

In 1976, Communist Chinese leader Mao Zedong died in Beijing at age 82. JVC unveiled its new VHS videocassette recorder during a presentation in Tokyo.

In 1986, Frank Reed, director of a private school in Lebanon, was taken hostage; he was released 44 months later.

In 1991, boxer Mike Tyson was indicted in Indianapolis on a charge of raping Desiree Washington, a beauty pageant contestant. (Tyson was convicted and ended up serving three years of a six-year prison sentence.)

In 1997, Sinn Fein (shin fayn), the IRA’s political ally, formally renounced violence as it took its place in talks on Northern Ireland’s future. Actor Burgess Meredith died in Malibu, California, at age 89.

Ten years ago: President George W. Bush announced he would keep U.S. force strength in Iraq largely intact until the next administration, drawing rebukes from Democrats who wanted the war ended and a bigger boost of troops in troubled Afghanistan. Asif Ali Zardari (AH’-seef ah-LEE’ zahr-DAH’-ree), the widower of assassinated former Pakistani leader Benazir Bhutto, took office as Pakistan’s president.

Five years ago: Four days of vehicular gridlock began near the George Washington Bridge when two of three approach lanes from Fort Lee, New Jersey, were blocked off; the traffic jam was later blamed on loyalists to New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie over the refusal of Fort Lee Mayor Mark Sokolich to endorse Christie for re-election. (Christie denied any prior knowledge of the lane closures.) Rafael Nadal won his 13th Grand Slam title and second at the U.S. Open by withstanding Novak Djokovic with a 6-2, 3-6, 6-4, 6-1 victory.

One year ago: Hurricane Irma hammered Cuba with punishing winds and rain as it headed toward the Florida Keys and the southeastern United States; hundreds of shelters opened in Florida for people looking to escape the potentially deadly winds and storm surge. Dutch officials said Irma had damaged or destroyed 70 percent of the homes on St. Maarten in the Caribbean, leaving it vulnerable to the approach of Hurricane Jose. Sloane Stephens beat her close friend Madison Keys 6-3, 6-0 at the U.S. Open in the first Grand Slam final for both. Guillermo del Toro’s “The Shape of Water” won the top prize at the Venice Film Festival.

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© 2018 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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