Dr. Katy Nelson, wtop.com
Editor's note: Last week, Dr. Katy Nelson gave us five tips for choosing the right pet food. Now, she is back with the second part of her mini-series on feeding your pet.
WASHINGTON - As a good pet parent, you already know your pet needs to be eating nutritionally complete and balanced food. But with so many diets out there, how do you choose the perfect one for your pet?
As a veterinarian for 12 years, and a total nutrition nerd, here are my tips for choosing the right diet that will nurture your pet.
- Approximately 50-60 percent of household pets in the United States are
overweight or obese. This is largely due to the over-consumption of commercial
diets. Reading the caloric content of commercial foods can be intimidating due to
the verbiage used on pet food labels. It is often much easier to view and
interpret nutritional information on the pet food company's website. Remember to
reduce the recommended caloric intake by approximately 25 percent for spayed or
neutered pets to maintain an appropriate weight.
- For cats, consuming at least 50 percent of their daily caloric requirement in
the form of canned food has been shown to help them maintain a healthier weight
and a healthier urinary tract. This is due to the higher protein and water content
in canned foods as compared to dry foods. Cats are obligate carnivores, so they do
not metabolize carbohydrates efficiently. The average cat is going to be healthier
on a higher protein, lower carbohydrate type diet. Always discuss diet changes
with your veterinarian before implementing a new routine.
- When feeding a complete and balanced commercial diet, nutritional supplements
such as vitamins, are not usually required. However, pets of an advanced age, with
certain disease conditions or of particular breeds, may benefit from dietary
supplementation. Talk with your veterinarian to see if supplementing with
additional antioxidants, fish oils, or joint supplements may improve your pets'
- Finally, any time you make the decision to change your pets' diet, do so
slowly. Aim for a 7-10 day transition where you slowly add more and more of the
new diet and slowly take away the old diet until your pet is completely switched
over. By doing this, you should be able to avoid any gastrointestinal upset that
would be expected with an abrupt change.
Dr. Katy Nelson is an emergency veterinarian in Alexandria, Va. Tune in to "The Pet Show" with Dr. Katy every Saturday at 11 a.m. on Washington D.C.'s News Channel 8, and listen on WTOP for her Dr. Pawz segments every two weeks. Have questions for Dr. Katy? You can follow her on Twitter @drkatynelson, on Facebook or email her at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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