Biden inspects US-Mexico border in face of GOP criticism

Biden Border President Joe Biden talks with Rep. Henry Cuellar, D-Texas, second from left, as they walk along a stretch of the U.S.-Mexico border in El Paso Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas is at right. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
BIDEN-FRONTERA El presidente Joe Biden camina con agentes de la Patrulla Fronteriza en un tramo de la frontera con México, el domingo 8 de enero de 2023, en El Paso Texas. (AP Foto/Andrew Harnik)
Biden Border President Joe Biden talks with U.S. Border Patrol agents as they stand along a stretch of the U.S.-Mexico border in El Paso Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Biden Republican National Committee Chair Ronna McDaniel speaks about President Joe Biden's visit to El Paso during a news conference near the border wall, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023, in Mission, Texas. (Joel Martinez/The Monitor via AP)
Biden Republican National Committee Chair Ronna McDaniel speaks about President Joe Biden's visit to El Paso during a news conference near the border wall, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023, in Mission, Texas. (Joel Martinez/The Monitor via AP)
Biden Border Texas Gov. Greg Abbott hands President Joe Biden a letter that outlined laws that the governor said would make a great difference, if enforced, in addressing the "chaos" at the border, as Biden arrives at El Paso International Airport in El Paso Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. Rep. Veronica Escobar, D-Texas, stands at right. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Biden Border President Joe Biden, second from left, looks towards a large "Welcome to Mexico" sign that is hung over the Bridge of the Americas as he tours the El Paso port of entry a busy port of entry along the U.S.-Mexico border, in El Paso Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
APTOPIX Biden Border Venezuelan migrants pray at the camping site outside the Sacred Heart Church in downtown El Paso, Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. President Joe Biden arrived in Texas on Sunday for his first trip to the U.S.-Mexico border since taking office, stopping in El Paso after two years of hounding by Republicans who have hammered him as soft on border security while the number of migrants crossing spirals. (AP Photo/Andres Leighton)
Biden Border President Joe Biden tours the El Paso port of entry, Bridge of the Americas, a busy port of entry along the border, in El Paso Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Biden Border A large "Welcome to Mexico" sign hung over the Bridge of the Americas is visible as President Joe Biden tours the El Paso port of entry, Bridge of the Americas, a busy port of entry along the U.S.-Mexico border, in El Paso Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Biden Border A large "Welcome to Mexico" sign that is hung over the Bridge of the Americas is visible along the U.S.-Mexico border in El Paso Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Biden Border President Joe Biden removes his sunglasses as he tours El Paso port of entry, Bridge of the Americas, a busy port of entry along the U.S.-Mexico border, in El Paso Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Biden Border President Joe Biden listens as border officers prepare to demonstrate how they search vehicles for drugs, money and other contraband as he tours El Paso port of entry, Bridge of the Americas, a busy port of entry along the U.S.-Mexico border, in El Paso Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Biden Border President Joe Biden watches as border officers demonstrate how they search vehicles for drugs, money and other contraband as he tours El Paso port of entry, Bridge of the Americas, a busy port of entry along the U.S.-Mexico border, in El Paso Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Biden Border A large "Welcome to Mexico" sign hung over the Bridge of the Americas is visible at right as President Joe Biden, left, stands with U.S. Customs and Border Protection officers as he tours the El Paso port of entry, a busy port of entry along the U.S.-Mexico border, in El Paso Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Biden Border A large "Welcome to Mexico" sign hung over the Bridge of the Americas is visible as President Joe Biden, center, talks with a U.S. Customs and Border Protection officer as he tours the El Paso port of entry, a busy port of entry along the U.S.-Mexico border, in El Paso Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Biden Border President Joe Biden, left, looks towards a large "Welcome to Mexico" sign that is hung over the Bridge of the Americas as he tours the El Paso port of entry a busy port of entry along the U.S.-Mexico border, in El Paso Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Biden Border President Joe Biden speaks with a U.S. Customs and Border Protection officer as he tours El Paso port of entry, Bridge of the Americas, a busy port of entry along the U.S.-Mexico border, in El Paso Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Biden Border President Joe Biden tours El Paso port of entry, Bridge of the Americas, a busy port of entry along the U.S.-Mexico border, in El Paso Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Biden Border Church volunteers serve garlic bread to migrants camping outside the Sacred Heart Church in downtown El Paso, Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. President Joe Biden arrived in Texas on Sunday for his first trip to the U.S.-Mexico border since taking office, stopping in El Paso after two years of hounding by Republicans who have hammered him as soft on border security while the number of migrants crossing spirals. (AP Photo/Andres Leighton)
Biden Border A migrant reads the Bible while camping outside the Sacred Heart Church in downtown El Paso, Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. President Joe Biden arrived in Texas on Sunday for his first trip to the U.S.-Mexico border since taking office, stopping in El Paso after two years of hounding by Republicans who have hammered him as soft on border security while the number of migrants crossing spirals. (AP Photo/Andres Leighton)
Biden Border A migrant child holds her dog while camping outside the Sacred Heart Church in downtown El Paso, Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. President Joe Biden arrived in Texas on Sunday for his first trip to the U.S.-Mexico border since taking office, stopping in El Paso after two years of hounding by Republicans who have hammered him as soft on border security while the number of migrants crossing spirals. (AP Photo/Andres Leighton)
Biden Border Two migrant kids play with donated toys while camping outside the Sacred Heart Church in downtown El Paso, Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. President Joe Biden arrived in Texas on Sunday for his first trip to the U.S.-Mexico border since taking office, stopping in El Paso after two years of hounding by Republicans who have hammered him as soft on border security while the number of migrants crossing spirals. (AP Photo/Andres Leighton)
Biden Border A migrant sweeps the sidewalk where he's camping with his family outside the Sacred Heart Church in downtown El Paso, Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. President Joe Biden arrived in Texas on Sunday for his first trip to the U.S.-Mexico border since taking office, stopping in El Paso after two years of hounding by Republicans who have hammered him as soft on border security while the number of migrants crossing spirals. (AP Photo/Andres Leighton)
Biden Border President Joe Biden is shown different ways contraband was taken across the U.S.-Mexico border as he tours El Paso port of entry, Bridge of the Americas, a busy port of entry along the border, in El Paso Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Biden Border President Joe Biden shakes hands with Texas Gov. Greg Abbott after Abbott handed him a letter about the border at El Paso International Airport in El Paso Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. Rep. Veronica Escobar, D-Texas, second from left, and Rep. Vicente Gonzalez Jr., D-Texas, right, look on. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Biden Border President Joe Biden exits Air Force One as he arrives at El Paso International Airport in El Paso Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. From left, Biden, Rep. Veronica Escobar, D-Texas, Rep. Vicente Gonzalez Jr., D-Texas, and Rep. Henry Cuellar, D-Texas. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Biden Border Texas Gov. Greg Abbott hands President Joe Biden a letter that outlined laws that the governor said would make a great difference, if enforced, in addressing the "chaos" at the border, as Biden arrives at El Paso International Airport in El Paso Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. Rep. Veronica Escobar, D-Texas, stands at right. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Biden Border El Paso police officers pat down and arrest two Venezuelan migrants at the camping site outside the Sacred Heart Church in downtown El Paso, Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. President Joe Biden arrived in Texas on Sunday for his first trip to the U.S.-Mexico border since taking office, stopping in El Paso after two years of hounding by Republicans who have hammered him as soft on border security while the number of migrants crossing spirals. (AP Photo/Andres Leighton)
Biden Border El Paso police officers pat down and arrest two Venezuelan migrants at the camping site outside the Sacred Heart Church in downtown El Paso, Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. President Joe Biden arrived in Texas on Sunday for his first trip to the U.S.-Mexico border since taking office, stopping in El Paso after two years of hounding by Republicans who have hammered him as soft on border security while the number of migrants crossing spirals. (AP Photo/Andres Leighton)
Biden Border An El Paso police officer pats down a Venezuelan migrant after his arrest at the camping site outside the Sacred Heart Church in downtown El Paso, Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. President Joe Biden arrived in Texas on Sunday for his first trip to the U.S.-Mexico border since taking office, stopping in El Paso after two years of hounding by Republicans who have hammered him as soft on border security while the number of migrants crossing spirals. (AP Photo/Andres Leighton)
APTOPIX Biden Border President Joe Biden walks with U.S. Border Patrol agents along a stretch of the U.S.-Mexico border in El Paso Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Biden Border President Joe Biden talks with U.S. Border Patrol agents as they walk along a stretch of the U.S.-Mexico border in El Paso Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Biden Border President Joe Biden walks along the U.S.-Mexico border in El Paso, Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Biden Border President Joe Biden looks at food and supplies that are distributed to migrants as he tours the El Paso County Migrant Services Support Center in El Paso, Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. Rep. Veronica Escobar, D-Texas, looks on at right. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Biden Border A large "Welcome to Mexico" sign hung over the Bridge of the Americas is visible as President Joe Biden talks with U.S. Customs and Border Protection officers as he tours the El Paso port of entry, a busy port of entry along the U.S.-Mexico border, in El Paso Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Biden Border President Joe Biden, second from left, looks towards a large "Welcome to Mexico" sign that is hung over the Bridge of the Americas as he tours the El Paso port of entry, a busy port of entry along the U.S.-Mexico border, in El Paso Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Biden Border Venezuelan migrant Jose Castillo looks skywards while praying at the camping site outside the Sacred Heart Church in downtown El Paso, Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. President Joe Biden arrived in Texas on Sunday for his first trip to the U.S.-Mexico border since taking office, stopping in El Paso after two years of hounding by Republicans who have hammered him as soft on border security while the number of migrants crossing spirals. (AP Photo/Andres Leighton)
Biden Border U.S. Customs and Border Protection officers shows President Joe Biden a portable X-ray device as he tours El Paso port of entry, Bridge of the Americas, a busy port of entry along the U.S.-Mexico border, in El Paso Texas, Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Biden President Joe Biden boards Marine One at Delaware Air National Guard Base in New Castle, Del., Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
Biden Border FILE - President Joe Biden speaks about border security in the Roosevelt Room of the White House, Jan. 5, 2023, in Washington. Biden is heading to the U.S.-Mexico border on Sunday, Jan. 8, for his first visit as president. Biden will stop in El Paso, currently the biggest corridor for illegal crossings. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky, File)
Biden Border FILE - Migrants stand behind barbed wire to keep them from crossing into El Paso, Texas, as seen from Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, Tuesday, Dec. 20, 2022. President Joe Biden is heading to the U.S.-Mexico border on Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023, for his first visit as president. Biden will stop in El Paso, currently the biggest corridor for illegal crossings. (AP Photo/Christian Chavez, File)
Biden Border FILE - U.S. military guard El Paso's border with Mexico, seen from Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, Tuesday, Dec. 20, 2022. President Joe Biden is heading to the U.S.-Mexico border on Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023, for his first visit as president. Biden will stop in El Paso, currently the biggest corridor for illegal crossings. (AP Photo/Christian Chavez, File)
Biden Border FILE - Migrants approach the border wall in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, Dec. 21, 2022, on the other side of the border from El Paso, Texas. President Joe Biden is heading to the U.S.-Mexico border on Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023, for his first visit as president. Biden will stop in El Paso, currently the biggest corridor for illegal crossings. (AP Photo/Christian Chavez, File)
Biden Border FILE - Cuban migrant Mario Perez holds his wife as they wait to be processed to seek asylum after crossing the border into the United States, Friday, Jan. 6, 2023, near Yuma, Ariz. President Joe Biden is heading to the U.S.-Mexico border on Sunday for his first visit as president. That's after two years of hounding by Republicans who have hammered Biden as soft on security while the number of migrant crossings spirals. (AP Photo/Gregory Bull, File)
Biden Border FILE - A residential neighborhood of Juarez, Mexico, and U.S. Border Patrol vehicles on both sides of a border fence as seen from El Paso Texas, April 22, 2020. President Joe Biden is heading to the U.S.-Mexico border on Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023, for his first visit as president. Biden will stop in El Paso, currently the biggest corridor for illegal crossings. (AP Photo/Cedar Attanasio, File)
Biden Border El Paso A migrant eats a hot meal donated by volunteers outside the Sacred Heart Church in downtown El Paso, Texas, Saturday, Jan. 7, 2023. Around 300 migrants have taken refuge on sidewalks, some of them afraid to seek more formal shelters, amid new restrictions meant to crack down on illegal border crossings. President Joe Biden will visit El Paso on Sunday on his first, politically thorny visit to the southern border. (AP Photo/Andres Leighton)
Biden Border El Paso Migrants use their phones inside an idle city bus in their attempt to stay warm while camping outside the Sacred Heart Church in downtown El Paso, Texas, Saturday, Jan. 7, 2023. Around 300 migrants have taken refuge on sidewalks, some of them afraid to seek more formal shelters, amid new restrictions meant to crack down on illegal border crossings. President Joe Biden will visit El Paso on Sunday on his first, politically thorny visit to the southern border. (AP Photo/Andres Leighton)
Biden Border El Paso Migrants prepare to spend the night on a sidewalk or inside an idle city bus in their attempt to stay warm while camping outside the Sacred Heart Church in downtown El Paso, Texas, late Saturday, Jan. 7, 2023. Around 300 migrants have taken refuge on sidewalks, some of them afraid to seek more formal shelters, amid new restrictions meant to crack down on illegal border crossings. President Joe Biden will visit El Paso on Sunday on his first, politically thorny visit to the southern border. (AP Photo/Andres Leighton)
Biden Border El Paso A migrant prepares to spend the night on a sidewalk outside the Sacred Heart Church in downtown El Paso, Texas, Saturday, Jan. 7, 2023. Around 300 migrants have taken refuge on sidewalks, some of them afraid to seek more formal shelters, amid new restrictions meant to crack down on illegal border crossings. President Joe Biden will visit El Paso on Sunday on his first, politically thorny visit to the southern border. (AP Photo/Andres Leighton)
Biden Border El Paso Migrants use their phones inside an idle city bus in their attempt to stay warm while camping outside the Sacred Heart Church in downtown El Paso, Texas, Saturday, Jan. 7, 2023. Around 300 migrants have taken refuge on sidewalks, some of them afraid to seek more formal shelters, amid new restrictions meant to crack down on illegal border crossings. President Joe Biden will visit El Paso on Sunday on his first, politically thorny visit to the southern border. (AP Photo/Andres Leighton)
Biden President Joe Biden waves as he stands at the top of the stairs before boarding Air Force One at Andrews Air Force Base, Md., Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023. Biden is traveling to El Paso, Texas, and then on to Mexico City, Mexico. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
Biden Border El Paso Migrants wait in line to board an idle city bus so they can charge their phones while camping outside the Sacred Heart Church in downtown El Paso, Texas, Saturday, Jan. 7, 2023. Several hundred pro-migrants activists marched through the streets of El Paso a day before President Joe Biden's first, politically-thorny visit to the southern border. (AP Photo/Andres Leighton)
Biden President Joe Biden is escorted by Col. Matthew Jones, 89th Wing Airlift Commander, right, as he walks to board Air Force One at Andrews Air Force Base, Md., Sunday, Jan. 8, 2023, to travel to El Paso, Texas, and then on to Mexico City, Mexico. First lady Jill Biden, left, is traveling separately to Mexico City. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Biden Border El Paso Venezuelan migrant Yared Borges, left; her baby, Maria de los Angeles; husband, Jose Gregorio Velasquez and son, Jose Miguel, camp outside the Sacred Heart Church in downtown El Paso, Texas, Saturday, Jan. 7, 2023. Several hundred pro-migrants activists marched through the streets of El Paso a day before President Joe Biden's first, politically-thorny visit to the southern border. (AP Photo/Andres Leighton)
(1/55)

EL PASO, Texas (AP) — President Joe Biden walked a muddy stretch of the U.S.-Mexico border and inspected a busy port of entry Sunday on his first trip to the region after two years in office, a visit shadowed by the fraught politics of immigration as Republicans blame him for record numbers of migrants crossing into the country.

At his first stop, the president observed as border officers in El Paso demonstrated how they search vehicles for drugs, money and other contraband. Next, he traveled to a dusty street with abandoned buildings and walked along a metal border fence that separated the U.S. city from Ciudad Juarez.

His last stop was the El Paso County Migrant Services Center — but there were no migrants in sight. As he learned about the services offered there, he asked an aid worker, “If I could wave the wand, what should I do?” The answer was not audible.

Biden’s nearly four-hour visit to El Paso was highly controlled. He encountered no migrants except when his motorcade drove alongside the border and about a dozen were visible on the Ciudad Juárez side. His visit did not include time at a Border Patrol station, where migrants who cross illegally are arrested and held before their release. He delivered no public remarks.

The visit seemed designed to showcase a smooth operation to process legal migrants, weed out smuggled contraband and humanely treat those who have entered illegally, creating a counter-narrative to Republicans’ claims of a crisis situation equivalent to an open border.

But his visit was likely do little to quell critics from both sides, including immigrant advocates who accuse him of establishing cruel policies not unlike those of his hard-line predecessor, Donald Trump.

In a sign of the deep tensions over immigration, Texas Gov. Greg Abbott, a Republican, handed Biden a letter as soon as he touched down in the state that said the “chaos” at the border was a “direct result” of the president’s failure to enforce federal laws. Biden later took the letter out of his jacket pocket during his tour, telling reporters, “I haven’t read it yet.”

House Speaker Kevin McCarthy dismissed Biden’s visit as a “photo op,” saying on Twitter that the Republican majority would hold the administration “accountable for creating the most dangerous border crisis in American history.”

El Paso County Judge Ricardo Samaniego welcomed Biden’s visit, but said a current lull in arrivals prevented the president from seeing how large the group of newcomers has been.

“He didn’t get to see the real difficulties,” said Samaniego, who was in the local delegation that greeted Biden. “It was good that he was here. It’s a first step. But we still need to do more and have more time with him.”

Elsewhere in El Paso where Biden did not visit, hundreds of migrants were gathered Sunday outside the Sacred Heart Catholic Church, where they have been sleeping outdoors and receiving three meals a day from faith groups and other humanitarian organizations.

The migrants included several pregnant women, including Karla Sainz, 26, eight months along. She was traveling in a small group that included her 2-year-old son, Joshua. Sainz left her three other children back home in Venezuela with her mother.

“I would ask President Biden to help me with a permission or something so we can work and continue,” she said.

Juan Tovar, 32, one of several people in her group, suggested he also had political reasons for leaving his home country.

“Socialism is the worst,” he said. “In Venezuela, they kill us, they torture us, we can’t talk bad about the government. We are worse off than in Cuba.”

Noengris Garcia, also eight months pregnant, was traveling with her husband, teen son and the small family dog from the tiny state of Portuguesa, Venezuela, where she operated a food stall.

“We don’t want to be given money or a house,” said Garcia, 39. “We just want to work.”

Asked what he’s learned by seeing the border firsthand and speaking with the officers who work along it, Biden said: “They need a lot of resources. We’re going to get it for them.”

El Paso is currently the biggest corridor for illegal crossings, in large part due to Nicaraguans fleeing repression, crime and poverty in their country. They are among migrants from four countries who are now subject to quick expulsion under new rules enacted by the Biden administration in the past week that drew strong criticism from immigration advocates.

Biden’s recent policy announcements on border security and his visit to the border were aimed in part at blunting the impact of upcoming investigations into immigration promised by House Republicans. But any enduring solution will require action by the sharply divided Congress, where multiple efforts to enact sweeping changes have failed in recent years.

From Texas, Biden traveled south to Mexico City, where he and the leaders of Mexico and Canada will gather on Monday and Tuesday for a North American leaders summit. Immigration is among the items on the agenda. Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador met Biden at the airport Sunday night and joined him in the presidential limousine for the ride to Biden’s hotel.

The numbers of migrants crossing the U.S.-Mexico border has risen dramatically during Biden’s first two years in office. There were more than 2.38 million stops during the year that ended Sept. 30, the first time the number topped 2 million. The administration has struggled to clamp down on crossings, reluctant to take measures that would resemble those of Trump’s administration.

The policy changes announced this past week are Biden’s biggest move yet to contain illegal border crossings and will turn away tens of thousands of migrants arriving at the border. At the same time, 30,000 migrants per month from Cuba, Nicaragua, Haiti and Venezuela will get the chance to come to the U.S. legally as long as they travel by plane, get a sponsor and pass background checks.

The U.S. will also turn away migrants who do not seek asylum first in a country they traveled through en route to the U.S. Migrants are being asked to complete a form on a phone app so that they they can go to a port of entry at a pre-scheduled date and time.

Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas told reporters aboard Air Force One that the administration is trying to “incentivize a safe and orderly way and cut out the smuggling organizations,” saying the policies are “not a ban at all” but an attempt to protect migrants from the trauma that smuggling can create.

The changes were welcomed by some, particularly leaders in cities where migrants have been massing. But Biden was excoriated by immigrant advocate groups, which accused him of taking measures modeled after those of the former president. Administration officials disputed that characterization.

For all of his international travel over his 50 years in public service, Biden has not spent much time at the U.S.-Mexico border.

The only visit that the White House could point to was Biden’s drive by the border while he was campaigning for president in 2008. He sent Vice President Kamala Harris to El Paso in 2021, but she was criticized for largely bypassing the action, because El Paso wasn’t the center of crossings that it is now.

Trump, who made hardening immigration a signature issue, traveled to the border several times.

___

Associated Press writers Andres Leighton in El Paso, Texas; Anita Snow in Phoenix; Morgan Lee in Santa Fe, New Mexico; and Josh Boak in Washington contributed to this report.

Copyright © 2023 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, written or redistributed.

Related Categories:

Government News | National News | White House

More from WTOP

Log in to your WTOP account for notifications and alerts customized for you.

Sign up