Today in history: Oct. 14

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. displays his 1964 Nobel Peace Prize medal in Oslo, Norway, December 10, 1964.  The 35-year-old Dr. King was honored for promoting the principle of non-violence in the civil rights movement.  (AP Photo)
In 1964, civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize. Dr. King was honored for promoting the principle of non-violence in the civil rights movement. (AP Photo) (AP)
LONDON - DECEMBER 15:  A rare American first edition of a Winnie-the-Pooh book signed by the author A.A. Milne and illustrator E.H Shephard is displayed with Pooh characters form a 1930's game at a press preview at Sotheby's Auctioneers on December 15, 2008 in London. Sotheby's is holding an auction of original artworks and rare first edition books featuring the famous characters by A.A. Milne from the private collections of Stanley J. Seeger and Christopher Cone on December 17, 2008.  (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
In 1926, “Winnie-the-Pooh” by A.A. Milne was first published by Methuen & Co. of London. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images) (Getty Images/Peter Macdiarmid)
The HMS Royal Oak at anchor in Portsmouth, England on Nov. 23, 1938 carrying the coffin containing the body of Queen Maud for conveyance to Norway. Behind her is the HMS Rodney, and the Ark Royal. (AP Photo)
In 1939, a German U-boat torpedoed and sank the HMS Royal Oak, a British battleship anchored at Scapa Flow in Scotland’s Orkney Islands; 833 of the more than 1,200 men aboard were killed. Here, the HMS Royal Oak is seen at anchor in Portsmouth, England on Nov. 23, 1938. (AP Photo) (AP)
Charles E. Yeager, 25, has flown the Air Force research plane XS-1 "much faster than the speed of sound" several times, Air Secretary Symington said, June 10, 1948 in Washington. (AP Photo)
On this date in 1947, Air Force test pilot Charles E. Yeager broke the sound barrier as he flew the experimental Bell XS-1 (later X-1) rocket plane over Muroc Dry Lake in California. (AP Photo) (AP)
With swinging step, crooner Bing Crosby leaves Heathrow  Saturday March 1, 1975 for his Los Angeles home. Bing has been in Britain for nearly two weeks, recording a pair of comeback LPs in a West End Studio, to celebrate his 50th year in show business. (AP Photo/UKPA
On this date in 1977, singer Bing Crosby died outside Madrid, Spain, at age 74. Crosby is seen here on March 1, 1975. (AP Photo) (AP)
U.S. Peace Corps volunteers swears in during a ceremony in U.S. Embassy to Cambodia, in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Friday, Sept. 25, 2015 as they mark official start of the corps volunteer program in this impoverished Southeast Asian nation. Hundreds of Peace Corps volunteers have served in at least 17 provinces throughout Cambodia since 2007, according release reported. (AP Photo/Heng Sinith)
On Oct. 14, 1960, the idea of a Peace Corps was suggested by Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy to an audience of students at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. U.S. Peace Corps volunteers swears in during a ceremony in U.S. Embassy to Cambodia, in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Friday, Sept. 25, 2015 as they mark official start of the corps volunteer program in this impoverished Southeast Asian nation. Hundreds of Peace Corps volunteers have served in at least 17 provinces throughout Cambodia since 2007, according release reported. (AP Photo/Heng Sinith) (AP/Heng Sinith)
FILE - In this June 24, 2015 file photo, American TV personality Kim Kardashian attends the Cannes Lions 2015, International Advertising Festival in Cannes, southern France. Kardashian discussed her experience being held at gunpoint during a Paris jewelry heist last year during an episode of E!'s “Keeping Up with the Kardashians” that aired on Sunday, March 19, 2017. (AP Photo/Lionel Cironneau, File)
In 2007, the reality TV show “Keeping Up with the Kardashians” premiered on E! Entertainment Television. FILE – In this June 24, 2015 file photo, American TV personality Kim Kardashian attends the Cannes Lions 2015, International Advertising Festival in Cannes, southern France. Kardashian discussed her experience being held at gunpoint during a Paris jewelry heist last year during an episode of E!’s “Keeping Up with the Kardashians” that aired on Sunday, March 19, 2017. (AP Photo/Lionel Cironneau, File)
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Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. displays his 1964 Nobel Peace Prize medal in Oslo, Norway, December 10, 1964.  The 35-year-old Dr. King was honored for promoting the principle of non-violence in the civil rights movement.  (AP Photo)
LONDON - DECEMBER 15:  A rare American first edition of a Winnie-the-Pooh book signed by the author A.A. Milne and illustrator E.H Shephard is displayed with Pooh characters form a 1930's game at a press preview at Sotheby's Auctioneers on December 15, 2008 in London. Sotheby's is holding an auction of original artworks and rare first edition books featuring the famous characters by A.A. Milne from the private collections of Stanley J. Seeger and Christopher Cone on December 17, 2008.  (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
The HMS Royal Oak at anchor in Portsmouth, England on Nov. 23, 1938 carrying the coffin containing the body of Queen Maud for conveyance to Norway. Behind her is the HMS Rodney, and the Ark Royal. (AP Photo)
Charles E. Yeager, 25, has flown the Air Force research plane XS-1 "much faster than the speed of sound" several times, Air Secretary Symington said, June 10, 1948 in Washington. (AP Photo)
With swinging step, crooner Bing Crosby leaves Heathrow  Saturday March 1, 1975 for his Los Angeles home. Bing has been in Britain for nearly two weeks, recording a pair of comeback LPs in a West End Studio, to celebrate his 50th year in show business. (AP Photo/UKPA
U.S. Peace Corps volunteers swears in during a ceremony in U.S. Embassy to Cambodia, in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Friday, Sept. 25, 2015 as they mark official start of the corps volunteer program in this impoverished Southeast Asian nation. Hundreds of Peace Corps volunteers have served in at least 17 provinces throughout Cambodia since 2007, according release reported. (AP Photo/Heng Sinith)
FILE - In this June 24, 2015 file photo, American TV personality Kim Kardashian attends the Cannes Lions 2015, International Advertising Festival in Cannes, southern France. Kardashian discussed her experience being held at gunpoint during a Paris jewelry heist last year during an episode of E!'s “Keeping Up with the Kardashians” that aired on Sunday, March 19, 2017. (AP Photo/Lionel Cironneau, File)

Today is Sunday, Oct. 14, the 287th day of 2018.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Oct. 14, 1960, the idea of a Peace Corps was suggested by Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy to an audience of students at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.

On this date:

In 1586, Mary, Queen of Scots, went on trial in England, accused of committing treason against Queen Elizabeth I. (Mary was beheaded in February 1587.)

In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt, campaigning for the presidency, was shot in the chest in Milwaukee. Despite the wound, he went ahead with a scheduled speech.

In 1926, “Winnie-the-Pooh” by A.A. Milne was first published by Methuen & Co. of London.

In 1933, Nazi Germany announced it was withdrawing from the League of Nations.

In 1939, a German U-boat torpedoed and sank the HMS Royal Oak, a British battleship anchored at Scapa Flow in Scotland’s Orkney Islands; 833 of the more than 1,200 men aboard were killed.

In 1947, U.S. Air Force Capt. Charles E. (”Chuck”) Yeager (YAY’-gur) became the first test pilot to break the sound barrier as he flew the experimental Bell XS-1 (later X-1) rocket plane over Muroc Dry Lake in California.

In 1964, civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.

In 1968, the first successful live telecast from a manned U.S. spacecraft was transmitted from Apollo 7.

In 1977, singer Bing Crosby died outside Madrid, Spain, at age 74.

In 1987, a 58-hour drama began in Midland, Texas, as 18-month-old Jessica McClure slid 22 feet down a narrow abandoned well at a private day care center; she was rescued on Oct. 16.

In 2001, as U.S. jets opened a second week of raids in Afghanistan, President George W. Bush sternly rejected a Taliban offer to discuss handing over Osama bin Laden to a third country.

In 2007, the reality TV show “Keeping Up with the Kardashians” premiered on E! Entertainment Television.

Ten years ago: Big banks started falling in line behind a revised bailout plan that was fast becoming more of a buy-in; the Bush administration announced it would fork over as much as $250 billion in exchange for partial ownership. A grand jury in Orlando, Fla. returned charges of first-degree murder, aggravated child abuse and aggravated manslaughter against Casey Anthony in the death of her 2-year-old daughter, Caylee. (She was acquitted in July 2011.) Syria formally recognized Lebanon for the first time by establishing diplomatic relations with its neighbor. Canada’s Conservative Party won in national elections but fell short of a parliamentary majority.

Five years ago: Americans Eugene Fama and Lars Peter Hansen of the University of Chicago and Robert Shiller of Yale University were named recipients of the Nobel prize in economics. The Los Angeles Dodgers won their first game of the NL championship series, beating the St. Louis Cardinals 3-0 in Game 3.

One year ago: A truck bombing in Somalia’s capital killed more than 500 people in one of the world’s deadliest attacks in years; officials blamed the attack on the extremist group al-Shabab and said it was meant to target Mogadishu’s international airport, but the bomb detonated in a crowded street after soldiers opened fire. The board of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences revoked the membership of movie mogul Harvey Weinstein, after published reports about sexual harassment and rape allegations against Weinstein. The death toll from wildfires burning in northern California reached 40; they were the deadliest group of simultaneous blazes in the state’s history.

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