Leaders balance optimism with threat of second virus wave

Virus_Outbreak_California_37070 Leo Carbajal wears a mask after buying a floral arrangement for his mother Cynthia on Mother's Day at the Los Angeles Flower Market Sunday, May 10, 2020, in Los Angeles. Families in the U.S. and elsewhere marked Mother's Day in a time of social distancing and isolation due to the coronavirus pandemic.
Virus_Outbreak_Florida_Mothers_Day_70142 In this Saturday, May 9, 2020 photo, a daughter holds a sign for her mom as she visits during a Mother's Day drive-by caravan at The Palace Renaissance & Royale's Kendall Campus in Miami, Fla.
APTOPIX_Virus_Outbreak_Georgia_Mothers_Day_01815 Mary Faye Cochran, 86, sings "You Are My Sunshine" over the phone to her son Stacey Smith through a window for a Mother's Day celebration at Provident Village at Creekside senior living on Sunday, May 10, 2020, in Smyrna, Ga.
Virus_Outbreak_China_Disneyland_25374 Visitors, wearing face masks, enter the Disneyland theme park in Shanghai as it reopened, Monday, May 11, 2020. Visits will be limited initially and must be booked in advance, and the company said it will increase cleaning and require social distancing in lines for the various attractions.
Virus_Outbreak_Minnesota_57015 Janet Carlson and her husband, Roger, see their daughter Kristin Vlasak and her husband, Gordon Vlasak, of Walker, Minn., on Mothers' Day at Havenwood of Minnetonka, Sunday, May 10, 2020, in Minnetonka, Minn.
Virus_Outbreak_New_York_18391 Joseph Scaduto, 12, pours water onto flowers he and family members planted at the grave of relatives at Calvary Cemetery on Mother's Day, Sunday, May 10, 2020, in New York. The cemetery had been closed due to concerns over the spread of the new coronavirus, but opened its gates for several hours Sunday to allow families to visit the graves of loved ones.
APTOPIX_Virus_Outbreak_Mexico_17660 The Mariachi Duo Villa Maria, Sergio Carpio, left, and Melissa Villar, accompanied by their dog Güiro, perform via the internet for a client during mothers’ day, from their apartment in Mexico City, Sunday, May 10, 2020. The duo is performing Mariachi serenades remotely as a way to circumvent the collapse of their livelihood caused by the new coronavirus pandemic lockdown. The duo charges the equivlant of $30 per serenade that can be payed to their bank account via direct deposit.
APTOPIX_Virus_Outbreak_Venezuela_35839 Children watch a performance by the National Circus Foundation of Venezuela at the San Juan neighborhood of Caracas, Venezuela, Saturday, May 9, 2020. The circus also does live stream performances at the National Caracas theater during the lockdown to prevent the the spread of the new coronavirus .
APTOPIX_Virus_Outbreak_India_95344 An Indian woman works at a brick kiln as her child sleeps under a cot during lockdown to curb the spread of new coronavirus on the outskirts of Jammu, India, Sunday, May 10, 2020. India's lockdown entered a sixth week on Sunday, though some restrictions have been eased for self-employed people unable to access government support to return to work.
APTOPIX_Virus_Outbreak_India_88815 An Indian homeless man eats eggs discarded in a garbage bin during lockdown to curb the spread of new coronavirus on the outskirts of Jammu, India, Sunday, May 10, 2020. India's lockdown entered a sixth week on Sunday, though some restrictions have been eased for self-employed people unable to access government support to return to work.
Virus_Outbreak_Britain_87265 People cycle and jog along The Mall in London, Sunday, May 10, 2020 during the nation-wide coronavirus lockdown. Personal exercise while observing social distancing measures is allowed under government lockdown guidelines.
APTOPIX_Virus_Outbreak_India_38257 A stranded Kashmiri girl anxiously looks at officials checking documents as she waits with elders to board a bus to a special train home during a lockdown to curb the spread of new coronavirus, in Bangalore, India, Sunday, May 10, 2020. India's lockdown entered a sixth week on Sunday, though some restrictions have been eased for self-employed people unable to access government support to return to work.
Virus_Outbreak_Greece_25313 People enjoy a beach of Kavouri suburb, southwest of Athens, on Sunday, May 10, 2020. Greece has begun gradually lifting its restrictive measures after a 42-day lockdown to stop the spread of the coronavirus. Due to the COVID-19 all bars and restaurants in Greece are still closed.
Virus_Outbreak_Britain_57087 People exercise in St James Park in London, Sunday, May 10, 2020 during the nation-wide coronavirus lockdown. Personal exercise while observing social distancing measures is allowed under government lockdown guidelines.
Virus_Outbreak_India_85116 Kashmiri students stranded for weeks wait to board buses to a special train home during a lockdown to curb the spread of new coronavirus, in Bangalore, India, Sunday, May 10, 2020. India's lockdown entered a sixth week on Sunday, though some restrictions have been eased for self-employed people unable to access government support to return to work.
APTOPIX_Virus_Outbreak_India_20725 Migrants laborers hailing from Uttar Pradesh state with their families trying to return to their villages walk towards a bus terminus in New Delhi, India, Sunday, May 10, 2020. As governments around the world try to slow the spread of the coronavirus, India has launched one of the most draconian social experiments in history, locking down its entire population, including an estimated 176 million people who struggle to survive on $1.90 a day or less.
Virus_Outbreak_Vatican_Pope_98981 Faithful gather outside the square as Pope Francis delivers his blessing from the window of his studio overlooking St. Peter's Square, due to anti-coronavirus lockdown measures, at the Vatican, Sunday, May 10, 2020.
Virus_Outbreak_Germany_92391 Police officers apprehend a man at a demonstration on Alexanderplatz in Berlin, Germany after several hundred people gathered for an unsanctioned demonstration Saturday May 9, 2020. According to a spokesperson, police officers pointed out to the demonstrators the regulations for containing the coronavirus pandemic.
APTOPIX_Virus_Outbreak_Georgia_Mothers_Day_91480 Mary Washington, 73, speaks through a window to her daughter, Courtney Crosby and grandchild Sydney Crosby for a Mother's Day celebration at Provident Village at Creekside senior living on Sunday, May 10, 2020, in Smyrna, Ga.
Virus_Outbreak_Russia_63204 Grave diggers wearing personal protective suits carry a coffin while burying a COVID-19 victim in the special purpose for coronavirus victims section of a cemetery in Kolpino, outside St.Petersburg, Russia, Sunday, May 10, 2020.
Virus_Outbreak_Georgia_Mothers_Day_50458 Mary Faye Cochran, 86, sings "You Are My Sunshine" over the phone to her son Stacey Smith through a window for a Mother's Day celebration at Provident Village at Creekside senior living on Sunday, May 10, 2020, in Smyrna, Ga.
Virus_Outbreak_Florida_Mothers_Day_43426 In this Saturday, May 9, 2020 photo, Olbia Ferrer looks at her family as they wave to her from their vehicle during a Mother's Day drive-by caravan to honor the mothers living at The Palace Renaissance & Royale, an assisted living facility in Kendall, Fla. It has been a year since Ferrer moved to the The Palace Renaissance memory facility due to her Alzheimers, and two months since she last saw her family after the coronavirus pandemic started.
Virus_Outbreak_Turkey_95441 People wearing face masks to protect against coronavirus, walk during a two-day curfew declared by the government in an attempt to control the spread of coronavirus, in Aegean resort of Izmir, Turkey, Sunday, May 10, 2020. . Only senior people over 65 have been allowed to go out for four hours on Sunday.
APTOPIX_Virus_Outbreak_Russia_03687 Grave diggers wearing protective suits bury a COVID-19 victim as relatives and friends stand at a safe distance, in the special purpose for coronavirus victims section of a cemetery in Kolpino, outside St.Petersburg, Russia, Sunday, May 10, 2020.
Virus_Outbreak_Florida_Mothers_Day_20008 In this Saturday, May 9, 2020 photo, Millicent Habert and her nurses wave at the families below during a Mother's Day drive-by caravan at The Palace Renaissance & Royale's Kendall Campus in Miami, Fla.
Virus_Outbreak_China_79660 A child holds his protective face mask to help curb the spread of the new coronavirus as he visits to the capital's popular tourist spot of Temple of Heaven in Beijing, Sunday, May 10, 2020. A family in China, nightclubs in South Korea and a slaughterhouse in Germany: New clusters of coronavirus infections are igniting concerns about a second wave even as calls grow in some countries to relax restrictions even further.
APTOPIX_Virus_Outbreak_Brazil_Amazon_72445 A worker of SOS Funeral, wearing protection equipment, prepares to remove the body of Eldon Cascais, who according to relatives, had pre-existing conditions and died at his house after having trouble breathing, amid the new coronavirus outbreak in Manaus, Brazil, Saturday, May 9, 2020.
APTOPIX_Virus_Outbreak_Mexico_18042 The Mariachi Duo Villa Maria singer Melissa Villar poses for a photo at her home day Mexico City, Sunday, May 10, 2020. Villar and her partner Sergio Carpio are performing Mariachi serenades remotely via zoom as a way to circumvent the collapse of their livelihood caused by the new coronavirus pandemic lockdown.
APTOPIX_Virus_Outbreak_Vatican_Pope_83232 A nun waits for Pope Francis to deliver his blessing from the window of his studio overlooking an empty St. Peter's Square, due to anti-coronavirus lockdown measures, at the Vatican, Sunday, May 10, 2020. Pope Francis is calling on leaders of European Union nations to work together on the social and economic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic.
APTOPIX_Virus_Outbreak_Brazil_17991 The Portuguese word "Hunger" is projected over the Rio's Christ the Redeemer statue amid the new coronavirus outbreak in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Sunday, May 10, 2020.
Virus_Outbreak_Britain_78294 In this photo issued by 10 Downing Street on Sunday, May 10, 2020, Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson delivers an address on lifting the country's lockdown amid the coronavirus pandemic. Johnson announced a modest easing of the country’s coronavirus lockdown and outlined his government’s road map for further lifting restrictions in the coming months. In a televised address to the nation, Johnson said people in Britain who can’t work from home, such as those in construction or manufacturing jobs, “should be actively encouraged to go to work” this week.
Virus_Outbreak_California_67497 Customers line up to by flowers on Mother's Day at the Los Angeles Flower Market, Sunday, May 10, 2020, in Los Angeles. Families in the U.S. and elsewhere marked Mother's Day in a time of social distancing and isolation due to the coronavirus pandemic.
Virus_Outbreak_Texas_Daily_Life_50458 Pastor Bobby Contreras, center, prays as his church uses social distancing practices to return to in-person services at Alamo Heights Baptist Church, Sunday, May 10, 2020, in San Antonio. Texas' stay-at-home orders due to the COVID-19 pandemic have expired and Texas Gov. Greg Abbott has eased restrictions on many businesses, state parks, churches and places of worship.
Virus_Outbreak_New_York_89203 Pedestrians walk through the nearly empty Oculus during the coronavirus pandemic Saturday, May 9, 2020, in New York.
People watch a TV screen showing the live broadcast of South Korean President Moon Jae-in during a news conference to mark the third anniversary of his presidency at the Seoul Railway Station in Seoul, South Korea, Sunday, May 10, 2020. President Moon Jae-in urged citizens not to lower their guard down, but said there's no reason to be panicked amid worries about a new surge in the coronavirus outbreak in the country.
Virus_Outbreak_South_Korea_66542 Christians wearing face masks attend a service at the Yoido Full Gospel Church in Seoul, South Korea, Sunday, May 10, 2020. South Korea's President Moon Jae-in urged citizens not to lower their guard down, but said there's no reason to be panicked amid worries about a new surge in the coronavirus outbreak in the country.
Christians wearing face masks attend a service at the Yoido Full Gospel Church in Seoul, South Korea, Sunday, May 10, 2020. South Korea's President Moon Jae-in urged citizens not to lower their guard down, but said there's no reason to be panicked amid worries about a new surge in the coronavirus outbreak in the country.
Christians wearing face masks pray during a service at the Yoido Full Gospel Church in Seoul, South Korea, Sunday, May 10, 2020. South Korea's President Moon Jae-in urged citizens not to lower their guard down, but said there's no reason to be panicked amid worries about a new surge in the coronavirus outbreak in the country.
Virus_Outbreak_Canada_52848 A restaurant worker closes up after a shift at a takeout restaurant in Toronto, Ontario, Saturday, May 9, 2020, during the coronavirus pandemic.
A man wearing protective gloves and a face mask as he crosses a road in Toronto, Ontario, Saturday, May 9, 2020, during the coronavirus pandemic.
The marquee of the James M. Nederlander Theatre reads "HOPE" in downtown Chicago, Saturday, May 9, 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Virus_Outbreak_Washington_State_30565 People attend a rally expressing concerns about governmental coronavirus restrictions Saturday, May 9, 2020, in downtown Walla Walla, Wash.
The Merchandise Mart in downtown Chicago is lit up to read "Stay Home Save Lives," Saturday, May 9, 2020, during the coronavirus pandemic. At least 19 downtown Chicago office properties lit up their buildings in support of essential workers and first responders.
Virus_Outbreak_Illinois_71682 The Merchandise Mart in downtown Chicago is lit up to read "Stay Home Save Lives," Saturday, May 9, 2020, during the coronavirus pandemic. At least 19 downtown Chicago office properties lit up their buildings in support of essential workers and first responders.
Virus_Outbreak_Brazil_Amazon_58302 Relatives help a worker of SOS Funeral, wearing protection equipment, remove the body of Eldon Cascais, who according to the relatives had preexisting health conditions and died at his house after having trouble breathing, amid the new coronavirus outbreak in Manaus, Brazil, Saturday, May 9, 2020.
Relatives help a worker of SOS Funeral, wearing protection equipment, carry the body of Eldon Cascais, who according to them had pre-existing health conditions and died at his house after having trouble breathing, amid the new coronavirus outbreak in Manaus, Brazil, Saturday, May 9, 2020.
People wearing masks amid the coronavirus pandemic exercise around a track at the Van Nuys/Sherman Oaks Recreation Center, in the Sherman Oaks section of Los Angeles, Saturday, May 9, 2020. Los Angeles County permitted the reopening of trails and golf courses but with social distancing restrictions. Weekend shoppers can visit bookstores, as well as stores for jewelry, toys, clothing, shoes, home supplies and furnishings, sporting goods, antiques and music.
APTOPIX_Virus_Outbreak_Colombia_19287 Alejandro Gaona, 9, shoulders a shovel, followed by his mother Nubia Rocio Gaona, 37, and his brother David Gaona, 14, as they walk on a road that leads to their small farm in Chipaque, Colombia, Saturday, May 9, 2020. The small-time farming mother and two sons are reinventing themselves as YouTubers due to a quarantine ordered by the government to contain the spread of COVID-19, teaching others how to grow vegetables at home and providing self-starter kits that they deliver through a local courier.
In this Friday, May 8, 2020, photo, after nearly two months of the stay-at-home coronavirus pandemic mandate, Bourbon Street in the New Orleans French Quarter is completely empty.
Virus_Outbreak_Pennsylvania_59236 Volunteers Mark and his mother Lori Kucewicz wait for drivers Saturday, May 9, 2020, at the Shavertown, Pa., United Methodist Church during the church's drive-thru meal distribution. The distribution was open to anyone who wanted a meal.
A woman sits at a bus stop with a shopping cart along a popular shopping area in Santa Monica, Calif., Saturday, May 9, 2020, during the coronavirus outbreak. Los Angeles County permitted the reopening of trails and golf courses but with social distancing restrictions. Weekend shoppers can visit bookstores, as well as stores for jewelry, toys, clothing, shoes, home supplies and furnishing, sporting goods, antiques and music.
American River Raft Rentals employee Sarah Hill, left, wears a face mask and works behind a plexiglass shield as she helps customers Kathleen Doran, left, and Theresa Selkirk, with a raft rental in Rancho Cordova, Calif., Saturday, May 9, 2020. With temperatures warming, people who have been abiding by Gov. Gavin Newsom's stay-at-home orders for the past few weeks due to the coronavirus pandemic are getting outside to enjoy the sunny weather. The shop opened for rentals for the first time Saturday after getting approval from both the Sacramento County Parks Department and public health department.
Pedestrians wear protective masks during the coronavirus pandemic as they walk past Brookfield Place Saturday, May 9, 2020, in New York.
A woman wearing a protective mask for protection from the new coronavirus walks her dog in a popular shopping area in Santa Monica, Calif., on Saturday, May 9, 2020. Los Angeles County permitted the reopening of trails and golf courses but with social distancing restrictions. Weekend shoppers can visit bookstores, as well as stores for jewelry, toys, clothing, shoes, home supplies and furnishing, sporting goods, antiques and music.
APTOPIX_Virus_Outbreak_Trump_12690 President Donald Trump meets with senior military leaders and members of his national security team in the Cabinet Room of the White House, Saturday, May 9, 2020, in Washington. Clockwise from top left, Chief of Space Operations at US Space Force Gen. John Raymond, Chief of Staff of the Army Gen. James McConville, Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. David Goldfein, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs Gen. Mark Milley, Trump, Air Force Gen. John Hyten, Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, Secretary of Defense Mark Esper and Ret. Lt. Gen. Keith Kellogg, Assistant to the President and National Security Advisor to the Vice President.
Virus_Outbreak_Nevada_37291 Eden Walton cuts the hair of M. Sibert at Makeshift Union Cutting & Grooming, Saturday, May 9, 2020, in Las Vegas. Saturday was the first day restaurants, salons and other nonessential businesses were allowed to start reopening after restrictions were imposed seven weeks earlier to help stop the spread of the new coronavirus.
Virus_Outbreak_Nevada_21968 Haley Banks, a stylist at Makeshift Union Cutting & Grooming, waits for a customer, Saturday, May 9, 2020, in Las Vegas. Saturday was the first day restaurants, salons and other nonessential businesses were allowed to start reopening after restrictions were imposed seven weeks earlier to help stop the spread of the new coronavirus.
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HOUSTON (AP) — Trump administration officials spoke optimistically about a relatively quick rebound from the coronavirus Sunday as life within the White House reflected the stark challenges still posed by the pandemic, with Vice President Mike Pence “self-isolating” after one of his aides tested positive.

A balancing act was playing out the world over, with leaders starting to loosen lockdowns that have left millions unemployed while also warning of the threat of a second wave of infections.

Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin predicted the American economy would rebound in the second half of this year from unemployment rates that rival the Great Depression. Another 3.2 million U.S. workers applied for jobless benefits last week, bringing the total over the last seven weeks to 33.5 million.

“I think you’re going to see a bounce-back from a low standpoint,” said Mnuchin, speaking on “Fox News Sunday.”

But the director of the University of Washington institute that created a White House-endorsed coronavirus model said the moves by states to re-open businesses “will translate into more cases and deaths in 10 days from now.” Dr. Christopher Murray of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation said states where cases and deaths are going up more than expected include Illinois, Arizona, Florida and California.

A reminder of the continued threat, Pence’s move came after three members of the White House’s coronavirus task force placed themselves in quarantine after coming into contact with the aide. An administration official said Pence was voluntarily keeping his distance from other people and has repeatedly tested negative for COVID-19 since his exposure. He plans to be at the White House Monday.

Families, meanwhile, marked Mother’s Day in a time of social distancing. For many, it was their first without loved ones lost in the pandemic. Others sent good wishes from a safe distance or through phone and video calls.

The virus has caused particular suffering for the elderly, with more than 26,000 deaths in nursing homes and long-term care facilities in the United States, according to an Associated Press tally.

At a senior center in Smyrna, Georgia, 73-year-old Mary Washington spoke to her daughter Courtney Crosby and grandchild Sydney Crosby through a window.

In Germany, children who live outside the country were allowed to enter for a Mother’s Day visit. Germany’s restrictions currently forbid entry except for “compelling reasons,” such as work.

In Grafton, West Virginia, where the tradition of Mother’s Day began 112 years ago, the brick building now known as the International Mother’s Day Shrine held its first online-only audience. Anna Jarvis first held a memorial service for her mother and all mothers on the second Sunday of May in 1908.

“Sheltered safely at home with the family together would be viewed by Anna Jarvis as exactly the way she wanted Mother’s Day to be observed,” said Marvin Gelhausen, chairman of the shrine’s board of trustees, in an address on YouTube.

Matilda Cuomo, the mother of New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo, called into her son’s daily briefing so he and his three daughters could wish her a happy Mother’s Day.

“I am so blessed as many mothers today are,” she said.

The governor announced two policy reversals a day after an Associated Press report in which residents’ relatives, watchdog groups and politicians alleged he was not doing enough to counter the surge of deaths in nursing homes, where about 5,300 residents have died. Nursing home staff in New York will now have to undergo COVID-19 tests twice a week, and facilities will no longer be required to take in hospital patients who were infected.

The U.S. has seen 1.3 million infections and nearly 80,000 deaths, the most in the world by far, according to a tally by Johns Hopkins University. Worldwide, 4 million people have been reported infected and more than 280,000 have died, according to Johns Hopkins.

In the U.K., Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced a modest easing of the country’s coronavirus lockdown but urged citizens not to surrender the progress already made.

Those in jobs that can’t be done at home “should be actively encouraged to go to work” this week, he said. Johnson, who has taken a tougher line after falling ill himself with what he called “this devilish illness,” set a goal of June 1 to begin reopening schools and shops if the U.K. can control new infections and the transmission rate of each infected person.

“We will be driven not by mere hope or economic necessity,” he said. “We’re going to be driven by the science, the data, and public health.”

Germany, which managed to push new infections below 1,000 daily before deciding to loosen restrictions, has seen regional spikes in cases linked to slaughterhouses and nursing homes.

France is letting some younger students go back to school Monday after almost two months out. Attendance won’t be compulsory right away. Residents of some Spanish regions will be able to enjoy limited seating at bars, restaurants and other public places Monday, but Madrid and Barcelona will remain shut down.

China reported 17 new cases on Monday, the second day of double-digit increases. Five were in the city of Wuhan, the original epicenter of the pandemic where a strict lockdown was lifted last month. Another five were in northeastern provinces, including Jilin, which borders North Korea.

Despite the new cases raising concerns about a reignited outbreak, 82,000 third-year middle school students in Beijing returned to classes Monday to prepare for their high school entrance exams. And Shanghai Disneyland, closed since late January, reopened, with reservations required and social distancing measures in place. Visitors wearing masks and often Mickey Mouse ears or character costumes were checked for fevers at the gate.

South Korea reported 35 new cases Monday, the second day in a row that its daily jump was above 30 for the first time in a month. Many of its recently confirmed cases were tied to nightclubs that welcomed hundreds of people after reopening. Authorities in the Seoul metropolitan area subsequently ordered the temporary closing of its nightlife establishments to guard against a possible resurgence.

___

Jordans reported from Berlin. Associated Press journalists around the world contributed.

Follow AP pandemic coverage at http://apnews.com/VirusOutbreak and https://apnews.com/UnderstandingtheOutbreak

Copyright © 2020 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, written or redistributed.

This content was republished with permission from CNN.

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