The cornerstone of prevention is a healthy lifestyle. Many doctors recommend a diet low in salt, sugar and saturated fat, such as the DASH eating plan endorsed by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. When it comes to exercise, Burger points patients to the guidelines set by the American Heart Association, which call for 30 minutes of activity a day, five day a week.
Burger says it is perfectly acceptable to implement a series of small changes over time.
“We don’t need people to run marathons and we don’t need them to get to a size two,” she says, “we just need them to make small changes and reduce the risk of stroke.”
But reducing the risk is only part of the picture. Stroke awareness also means knowing the signs and symptoms of this malady, which affects 780,000 Americans every year and is the third-leading cause of death nationwide, according to the American Stroke Association.
Burger says to remember the word FAST.
“F” stands for a drooping face. “A” stands for difficulty lifting an arm. “S” stands for slurred speech or an inability to talk. And “T” means it’s time to act and call 911.
“These things are painless and you won’t feel sick. But if you just realize these things are warning signs of a stroke, you can get help quickly,” says Burger who notes that stroke victims come in all shapes and sizes, and no one is immune.
She says everyone should learn the symptoms so they can be prepared to not only save themselves, but to know when to seek help for others.
‘We occasionally see strokes in the healthiest of patients,” says Burger, “and so it is really important to know those warning signs and just be aware that if you need help, call 911.”