AP Business Writer
BANGKOK (AP) -- A weaker-than-expected U.S. manufacturing report sent Asian stock markets down Tuesday.
U.S. manufacturing shrank in November to its weakest level since July 2009. The Institute for Supply Management said Monday that its index of manufacturing conditions fell 49.5 from October's 51.7. Numbers above 50 signal growth, while those below indicate contraction.
One reason for the downturn, the trade group said, was that businesses are concerned about the so-called fiscal cliff, which is a package of tax increases and government spending cuts that will take effect in 2013 unless lawmakers take action. Worries about automatic tax increases cut demand for factory orders and manufacturing jobs.
President Barack Obama and Republican lawmakers have yet to work out a budget deal as the clock continues ticking toward the year-end deadline.
Ric Spooner, chief market analyst at CMC Markets in Sydney, said that while most analysts think U.S. political leaders will negotiate some kind of deal before the deadline, there will still be some degree of tax increases and spending cuts that will impinge on the growth of the world's No. 1 economy.
"It's important to remember that there will still be a significant fiscal drag on the U.S. economy next year. So I think markets have arrived at a level that reflects that state of affairs, or close to it," Spooner said. "The market has arrived around a level which reflects the risk that is still out there."
Japan's Nikkei 225 index fell 0.2 percent to 9,441.75. Hong Kong's Hang Seng lost 0.2 percent to 21,728.80. South Korea's Kospi fell 0.5 percent to 1,930.68.
Australia's S&P/ASX 200 shed 0.5 percent to 4,510.30 after the Reserve Bank of Australia, as expected, cut its benchmark interest rate by a quarter of a percentage point to 3 percent, its lowest level since the global financial crisis.
The bank voiced concerns for the Australian economy amid uncertainty over the United States' fiscal policy and stubbornly weak conditions in Europe.
Australia's Newcrest Mining Ltd. fell 2 percent and Energy Resources of Australia Ltd. lost 2.9 percent.
Elsewhere, struggling electronics maker Sharp gained 1.7 percent in Tokyo. Japanese news reports said Sharp and U.S. mobile phone chipmaker Qualcomm Inc. have reached a basic agreement on a capital and business tie-up.
On Wall Street on Monday, the Dow Jones industrial average dropped 0.5 percent to close at 12,965.60. The Standard & Poor's 500 index fell 0.5 percent to close at 1,409.46. The Nasdaq composite fell 0.3 percent to 3,002.20.
Benchmark oil for January delivery was down 18 cents to $88.91 per barrel in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange. The contract rose 18 cents to close at $89.09 in New York on Monday.
In currencies, the euro fell to $1.3050 from $1.3060 late Monday in New York. The dollar fell to 82.07 yen from 82.24 yen.
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