DUBAI, United Arab Emirates (AP) -- Boasting grandstands that can seat 60,000 spectators, the $2 million Meydan Racecourse has become symbolic of the grand ambitions of Sheik Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum.
The Ruler of Dubai defied critics and cynics to open the track in 2009 during the height of the global financial crisis and each year it hosts the $10 million Dubai World Cup, the world's richest horse race. The track has also been integral to Sheik Mohammed's ceaseless efforts to promote Dubai and, to a lesser degree, his Godolphin stables.
But now Sheik Mohammed's racing empire faces a crisis, with news that a top Godolphin trainer was charged in connection with one of the biggest doping scandals to hit British horse racing.
Mahmood al-Zarooni was charged with violating multiple rules related to banned substances after samples from 11 of his horses at stables in Newmarket, England -- including 1000 Guineas favorite Certify -- were found to contain traces of anabolic steroids.
Sheik Mohammed has said he was "appalled and angered" to learn about the allegations.
"It is inevitable that Godolphin, as the trainer's employer, will have suffered damage to its reputation," Rupert Arnold, chief executive of the National Trainers Federation, said in an email to The Associated Press. "A more accurate picture will emerge from the evidence given at tomorrow's hearing."
Sheik Mohammed's anger is understandable. He is the face of Godolphin and this scandal threatens to undo all the work he has done in building one of the world's biggest stables and using it to showcase Dubai -- a city of glistening skyscrapers that has emerged from the desert.
Godolphin has had enormous success, with its horses winning in 12 different countries and earning more than $1 billion in prize money in the past five years. Al-Zarooni, who joined Godolphin in 2010, trained the 2012 Dubai World Cup winner Monterosso.
"In terms of size it is a very important constituent, not only to the UK but in the rest of the world," said Alastair Donald, managing director of the UK-based International Racing Bureau. "It is massive in terms of its success. The number of graded stakes, which are important races, they have 200 Grade 1 winners which is more than anyone else."
On its website, Godolphin describes Sheik Mohammad as its "driving force" and says the stables allow him to showcase his love for horses, a theme that runs through the entire ruling family. He and several of his sons have been regulars on the endurance racing circuit -- races that can stretch more than 100 kilometers often in desert conditions. One of his wives, Princess Haya of Jordan, is the current president of the International Equestrian Federation and campaigned to clean up the sport.
But Princess Haya had a setback in 2009 when Sheik Mohammed was banned by the FEI from riding in endurance races for six months after his horse twice failed doping tests.
The trainer Abdullah bin Huzaim admitted giving the horse drugs without the sheik's knowledge before the 120-kilometer (74.5-mile) desert races at Bahrain and Dubai. Bin Huzaim was banned for 12 months and fined 4,000 Swiss francs ($3,750), plus 1,500 Swiss francs ($1,585) in costs.
Sheik Mohammed is not alone among UAE riders accused by the FEI for doping. According to the FEI website, 31 riders in the UAE have been sanctioned since 2005 for either using banned substances or incorrectly using controlled medications during competitions. Some of those substances are permitted out of competition.
Among those punished was a son of Sheik Mohammed who was disqualified from a 2006 race after his horse was found to have been given a banned substance.
Godolphin's case involves traces of two anabolic steroids -- drugs that can last several weeks in a horse's system. They are banned in Britain but other authorities do allow them to be prescribed out of competition, including the UAE and Australia.
Al Zarooni, one of two British-based trainers for Godolphin, was ordered to appear before a BHA disciplinary panel in London on Thursday and Donald said that "everyone is of the view the trainer will likely be disqualified, lose his license and face a very long ban maybe even a lifetime ban."
Donald said many people believe al-Zarooni acted alone and that the reputation of Sheik Mohammed and the industry as a whole will emerge from this largely unscathed.
Sheik Mohammed, like his wife, has recently been an advocate of drug-free racing. He withdrew his representative last month from the Breeders' Cup committee after members backtracked on promises to ban the use of the diuretic Lasix, which prevents bleeding.